Since the passage of the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) in December of 2016, the Ohio Department of Education (ODE) has been busy preparing Ohio's draft plan which must be submitted to and approved by the U.S. Department of Education. The draft plan must adhere to all state requirements outlined in ESSA and will serve as a blueprint for Ohio to address standards, assessments, accountability and special help for struggling schools. The ODE has sought stakeholder input over the past year through a host of meetings held throughout the state, a series of webinars covering each of the major topics and the opportunity for individuals to weigh in via electronic resources. Below is an outline of some of the major provisions in Ohio's ESSA draft plan.
Each state was required to consider a number of topics that represented changes from No Child Left Behind (NCLB) to ESSA. These considerations incorporated the elements of NCLB that remain and concomitantly incorporate the changes produced by the passage of ESSA. Highlights of the considerations include:
- 80% proficient for all students in mathematics by 2027 (Most recently 68.5% in 2016)
- 80% proficient for all students in ELA by 2027 (Most recently 74.2% in Reading in 2016)
- 80% proficient for all students in science by 2027
- State Performance Index of 100.00 by 2027
- 4-year graduation rate of 93% by 2027 (Most recently 82.8%)
- 5-year graduation rate of 95% by 2027
- Chronic Absenteeism at 5% or less for all students by 2027
- English Language Proficiency for 2027 TBD
This component of Ohio's draft plan addresses Annual Measurable Objectives (AMO) which include ELA, mathematics and graduation rate plus additional proficiency targets. Ohio's latest AMO targets are considerably lower due in part, to the adoption of different and more rigorous state assessments as well as increases in proficiency passing scores.
Identifying an "N-Size" for reportable sub-groups of students specifically to address gap closing. Ohio has been using an "N-Size" of thirty (30) since the inception of NCLB.
Identification of at least one non-academic measure of "School Quality" that will be incorporated into the state accountability system.
Determine how Title 1 funds can be better utilized to assist struggling schools.
- Ohio WILL NOT use the ACT or SAT as a substitute fro End of Course exams despite ESSA allowing this option.
- "Value Added" will continue to be the state's measure of student growth.
- Ohio will pursue better alignment between the Third Grade Guarantee and the K-3 Literacy component of the Local Report Card.
- There will be a focus on Transient Students as outlined in ESSA, to include children of military personnel, children in foster care and homeless children. Ohio will go further and pay close attention to two other transient groups: student who are children of migrant workers and children in the juvenile court system
Ohio's plan will be submitted for the U.S. Department of Education's approval this spring. Any adjustments or changes must be completed and ready for implementation at the beginning of the 2017-18 school year.